Name:    Temperature and Heat Test

1.

The kinetic theory of matter states that the atoms of a diamond are
 A. transparent. B. always moving. C. reflectors of light. D. extremely hard.

2.

Which of the following is an example of thermal expansion?
 A. wood burning in a campfire B. alcohol rising in a thermometer C. a balloon expanding as air is added to it D. the Sun's rising on a summer day

3.

Temperature is usually measured in
 A. grams with a scale. B. degrees with a calorimeter. C. grams with a thermometer. D. degrees with a thermometer.

4.

Fiberglass insulation keeps a home warm by
 A. slowing the transfer of cold particles from outside to inside. B. incresing the specific heat capacity of the air inside. C. slowing the transfer of energy from inside to outside. D. increasing the thermal energy of the walls.

5.

A can of soda is placed into a cooler full of ice and some of the energy from the warmer soda flows to the ice in the cooler.  This flow of energy is called
 A. specific heat. B. temperature. C. heat. D. thermal energy.

6.

The amount of energy needed to raise a piece of copper’s temperature by 1ºC.
 A. 100 calories B. 100 joules C. heat transfer D. specific heat

7.

When a frying pan is placed on a hot burner, energy moves from the stove to the pan mainly by
 A. conduction. B. convection. C. radiation. D. contraction.

8.

If you could measure the average kinetic energy of all the particles in a baseball, you would know the baseball's
 A. temperature. B. mass. C. hardness. D. volume.

9.

If you were to touch a faucet that has cold water running through it, the faucet will be cold, too, because the faucet
 A. is a  good insulator. B. is a good conductor. C. has a high specific heat capacity. D. has expanded.

Use the the equations below to answer questions 10-12.    10.

As electricity flows through the tungsten filament of an incandescent light bulb, it reaches temperatures around 3,000 ºC.  What would this temperature be in degrees Fahrenheit?
 A. 1,649 degrees Fahrenheit B. 1,922 degrees Fahrenheit C. 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit D. 5,432 degrees Fahrenheit

11.

On averge, 122 ºF (50 ºC) is the temperature of hot water flowing out of a faucet or showerhead in a residential home.  What would this temperature be in Kelvin?
 A. 50 K B. 283 K C. 323 K D. 395 K

12.

In space, the average temperature is around 3 Kelvin.  How cold is this in degrees Fahrenheit?
 A. -454 degrees Fahrenheit B. -270 degrees Fahrenheit C. -16 degrees Fahrenheit D. 257 degrees Fahrenheit

13.

As the particles in a liquid or gas are heated, they spread out, and begin to rise.  What causes it to rise?
 A. The particles become more dense. B. The particles become less dense. C. The particles contract. D. The individual particles’ size increases.

14.

What is the zero point on the Celsius scale?
 A. the freezing point of pure water B. the boiling point of pure water C. the freezing point of mercury D. the boiling point of alcohol

15.

The kinetic energy of a liquid in a glass depends on
 A. only the type of liquid molecules. B. only the number of the liquid molecules. C. both the speed and mass of the liquid molecules. D. both the mass and type of the liquid molecules.

16.

Energy from the Sun travels to Earth through which process?
 A. contraction B. conduction C. convection D. radiation

17.

The total random kinetic energy of all particles in a cup of hot chocolate.
 A. thermal energy B. temperature C. heat D. joule

18.

Convection takes place in
 A. solids and liquids. B. liquids and gases. C. solids and gases. D. only Bose-Einstein Condensate.